Statutory Protection

Listing is used as the primary protection for buildings, and is managed (within England) by Historic England. There are three levels of designation:

  • Grade I: Are of exceptional interest
  • Grade II*: Are particularly important buildings of more than special interest
  • Grade II: Are of special interest warranting every effort to preserve them

Scheduling is the oldest form of statutory protection, dating back to 1913. Today it is applied to nationally important archaeological sites.